The relation between self-knowledge and knowledge of others
What is the relation between self-knowledge and knowledge of others? And how do we develop an understanding of others and ourselves? In this talk I will argue that our sense of self is thoroughly social even though self-knowledge is not based on the same kind of evidence as knowledge of others. Moreover, I will suggest that we need to distinguish between different kinds of self- and other-understanding: some are rather based on procedural knowledge or knowing-how and involve an implicit representation of self or other, while others involve conceptual abilities and explicit self-/other-representations. I will conclude with some considerations regarding the role of the second-person perspective in structuring the development of the concept of ourselves and others as persons.